Saturday, 31 December 2011

What's the difference between Baking powder and yeast?

My Dear Sexy Readers,

Right here on Science is So Sexy, Sexy readers have the power of choosing what they want to read about! That's right, You, my Sexy, You choose!! No point writing about Science is no one is interested in it, right? So, this post is based on a request from a friend of mine who's very much into cooking and baking and, in particular, into Jamie Olivier... ;) 


If you are interested in similar articles, feel free to come over to Olive Oil, better than butter?, What are Omega-3 and -6?, Hazelnut spread, recipe for disaster?, How does Caffeine affect your body?, Why do we cry when we chop onions?, How to make a home-made mayonnaise?, Do you need a cure for your indigestion?

What exactly are baking powder and yeast?

Baking powder

baking powder soda, difference
Baking powder and soda, what's the difference?
Most commercially-available Baking powder are composed of a base, an acid and an inert starch (cornstach or potato starch for example).
The acid can be lemon juice, yogurt, buttermilk, cocoa or vinegar or honey.
The base is typically Sodium Bicarbonate, also known as bicarbonate of soda, baking soda, bread soda, cooking soda or simply bicarb!!
The base and the acid are going to react together in a very simple acid-base reaction that is going to release carbon dioxide.
This gas will be released into a batter or dough causing bubbles thus expanding the mixture.

The starch added to the baking soda is there to keep the powder dry to avoid reaction between the acid and the base even before you add it to your batter.

You can replace the baking soda by the bicarbonate of soda alone provided sufficient acid reagent is also added to the recipe!

Yeast

This Sexy logo means you can try it yourself

Mixing some active dried yeast with warm water

A yeast is a live, single-cell fungus. Also called Baker's yeast, this strain of yeast is of the species Saccharomyces cerevisiae, the same species as the one used in alcoholic fermentation.

Yeast converts the fermentables sugars present in the flour/dough into the gas carbon dioxide (and ethanol that evaporates during baking). This released gas make the dough expanding or rising as gas forms pockets or bubbles. When the dough is baked, the yeast dies and the air pockets set, giving the baked product a soft and spongy texture. That is why the baker will let the dough rise several times so it can develop more completely before baking it.

So can we substitute one for the other?
As we can see, baking soda and yeast are both used to gas-fill the pastry making it soft and fluffy. The reason why we use one or the other is primarily for the distinctive flavor and aroma from the yeast; but also because the acid base reaction from baking soda is much quicker than the yeast action. 
Also, the yeast can die before acting if the water added to the flour is too hot.
To substitute yeast by baking powder, it is needed to use a double acting baking powder. A double acting baking powder contains two different acids, one that is going to work in a wet mixture at room temperature, and one that is not going react until the mixture is heated in an oven.

On this note, I would like to wish you all Happy Baking and a

FANTASTIC HAPPY NEW YEAR 2012

See you Soon for more Sexy Science,

8 comments:

  1. I Like Your Happy New Year popup. My Site www.CouponAnna.com Anna

    ReplyDelete
  2. nice post my friends,, thanks for share

    please visit in my bllog
    Home creation Ideas

    ReplyDelete
  3. Oh, I do lurrrve Jamie as well!

    Hello from Blogaholics!! Stop by my little blog anytime you'd like. Have a great day!

    ~camille
    GGA
    http://www.gardengnomearts.com/

    ReplyDelete
  4. thanks for the follow (i'm following back now)! Love your site.. it's funny because I was just recently reading into the difference between baking powder and yeast when I was making some bread!

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  5. I love reading this kind of stuff! Actually, every time I use yeast I think about it being alive and how it reacts to the sugars. It's awesome! Thanks for sharing this. I love your blog!

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  6. -tnx it was very helpful :)

    ReplyDelete

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